Lexicon of Sicily, from Acireale to Augusta

Sicilian encyclopedia for travel and knowledge

Acireale town and episcopal See, Catania provincia, eastern Sicily, Italy, on terraces above the Ionian Sea at the foot of Mount Etna, 7 miles (11 km) northeast of Catania. Known as Aquilia by the Romans, the town was called Reale by Philip IV of Spain in 1642. The first part of its name is derived from the ancient Acis River, which according to legend welled forth at the death of the shepherd Acis, beloved by the Nereid Galatea. Much of the present town was built after the earthquake of 1693. Notable landmarks include the cathedral (1597–1618), with a modern facade; the Baroque church of San Sebastiano; the town hall (1659) containing a library, museum, and picture gallery; an observatory; a fruit experimental station; and the sulfur springs called Santa Venera.
Map of Acireale

Aci Trezza is located on the coast of the Ionian Sea, the village has a long history of maritime activity. Aci Trezza is a popular spot for Italian vacationers in the summer. The patron Saint of the town is St. John the Baptist. Of the coast of Aci Trezza are three tall, column-shaped islands. According to local legend, these great stones are the ones thrown at Odysseus in The Odyssey. The islands are referred to as the "isole dei ciclopi".

Aegadian Islands (Italian: Isole Egadi; Latin: Aegates Insulae), a group of small mountainous islands in the Mediterranean Sea off the northwest coast of Sicily, Italy, near the city of Trapani, with a total area of 37,45 km². Favignana (Aegusa), the largest, lies 10 miles south west of Trapani; Levanzo (Phorbantia) 8 miles west; while Marettimo, the ancient Iera Nesos, 15 miles west of Trapani, is now reckoned as a part of the group. There are also some minor islands between Favignana and Sicily. The overall population in 1987 was estimated at about 5,000. The main occupation of the islanders is fishing and this is where the largest tuna fishery in Sicily can be found. There is evidence of Neolithic and even Paleolithic paintings in caves on Favigana and on Levanzo. They are the scene of the defeat of the Carthaginian fleet by C. Lutatius Catulus in 241 BC, which ended the First Punic War. They belonged to the Pallavicini family of Genoa until 1874, when they were bought by Florio family of Palermo.
Map of the Egadian Islands

Aeolian Islands (Italian Isole Eolie), a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily. They are a popular tourist destination in the summer, and attract up to 250,000 visitors annually. The largest island is Lipari, and tourism marketing often names the entire archipelago the Lipari Islands because of the ease of pronouncing Lipari compared to Aeolian. The other islands include Vulcano, Salina, Stromboli, Filicudi, Alicudi, and Panarea. The town of Lipari has about 11,000 inhabitants. Vulcano is famous for its fango baths.
Map of the Aeolian Islands

Agrigento. (Girgenti in Sicilian, former official name) is the name of a town on the southern coast of Sicily, Italy, capital of the province of Agrigento. It is located on a hill overlooking the sea. The city is renowned as the site of the ancient Greek city of Akagras (also Akragas, Acragas, Agrigentum in Latin, Kerkent in Arabic), one of the leading cities of Magna Graecia. Map of Agrigento

Alcamo is the second largest city in the province of Trapani, situated in north-western Sicily, on a crest below Mount Bonifato, in the hinterland of the Castellamare Gulf. It was founded in 828 by the Muslim commander al-Kamuk (after whom it is named). Though its name goes back to the time of the Arab occupation, the medieval center rose later in the 14th century; it was the hometown of the earliest poet in the Italian language, Cielo or Ciullo d'Alcamo. The surrounding areas include interesting tourist and historical locations like Segesta and Gibellina. The old fishing village of Scopello, 20 km from Alcamo has a remarkable coastline and seaside. Another village worth visiting is Castellammare del Golfo which is between these two places.
Map of Alcamo

Alcantara is a river in Sicily. It has its source on the south side of Monti Nebrodi and its mouth in the Ionian Sea at Capo Schiso in Giardini-Naxos. The river is 52 km long. The name Alcantara is of Arabic origin (al Quantarah = the bridge) and refers to a bridge from Roman times found by the Arabs.

Alphonse Gabriel (Al) Capone, America's best known gangster and the single greatest symbol of the collapse of law and order in the United States during the 1920s Prohibition era. Capone had a leading role in the illegal activities that lent Chicago its reputation as a lawless city.
Capone was born on January 17, 1899, in Brooklyn, New York. Baptized "Alphonsus Capone," he grew up in a rough neighborhood and was a member of two "kid gangs," the Brooklyn Rippers and the Forty Thieves Juniors. Although he was bright, Capone quit school in the sixth grade at age fourteen. Between scams he was a clerk in a candy store, a pinboy in a bowling alley, and a cutter in a book bindery. He became part of the notorious Five Points gang in Manhattan and worked in gangster Frankie Yale's Brooklyn dive, the Harvard Inn, as a bouncer and bartender. While working at the Inn, Capone received his infamous facial scars and the resulting nickname "Scarface" when he insulted a patron and was attacked by her brother.
In 1918, Capone met an Irish girl named Mary "Mae" Coughlin at a dance. On December 4, 1918, Mae gave birth to their son, Albert "Sonny" Francis. Capone and Mae married that year on December 30.

Augusta is a town in southern Italy, located on the Eastern coast of Sicily, in the province of Syracuse. The city is one of the main harbours in Italy, especially for oil refineries (Exxon Mobil) which are in its vicinity. The town was founded by Emperor Frederick II. A notable site in Augusta is Castello Svevo (Swabian Castle) built by Frederick II. Augusta is also home to a Greek archeological site, Megara Hyblaea. The town suffered a major earthquake in 1693. During World War II, Augusta was invaded on July 13, 1943 by the Eighth Army of the Allied troops led by British General Montgomery.
Map of Augusta